Livelihood Vulnerability Resilience Capacity of the Rural Economy in Nigeria’s Bauchi State


  • Sanusi Mohammed Sadiq Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal University Dutse, Nigeria
  • Invinder Paul Singh Department of Agricultural Economics, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, India
  • Muhammad Makarfi Ahmad Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Bayero University, Nigeria
  • M. B. Umar Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal University Dutse, Nigeria



livelihood, assets, vulnerability, resilience, sustainability, nigeria



This research explores the livelihood vulnerability resilience capacity of the rural economy in Nigeria's Bauchi state, aiming to inform sustainable livelihood policies in the region.


Data from 322 households in Bauchi state was collected using a structured questionnaire and interview schedule, employing a multi-stage random sampling technique. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.


Households with more livelihood assets tend to use adaptive strategies like diversification and intensification, reducing vulnerability. However, food insecurity can mask this adaptive capacity, impacting household resilience and rural economy sustainability.

Research limitations/implications

The findings are specific to Bauchi state and may not be generalizable to other regions or countries.


This study sheds light on the resilience capacity of households in Bauchi state, emphasizing the importance of enhancing factors that buffer vulnerability and resilience capacity. The findings suggest that resilience capacity significantly influences food security and sustainable livelihoods in the region, highlighting the need for targeted policy interventions.


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