PERMINTAAN PARIWISATA INDONESIA: STUDI KASUS WISATAWAN MALAYSIA
This research attempts to study the effect of income per capita in Malaysia (GDP),relative Â prices Â (CPI) Â and Visit Â Indonesia Year Â 1991 Â to Â Indonesia Â tourism demandamong Malaysian visitors. Malaysian visitorsâ€™ arrivals Â to Â Indonesia are used as aproxy of Â Indonesia Â tourism demand among Malaysian visitors. Â In other words, anincrease in the Malaysian visitor arrivals to Indonesia indicates an increase in thetourism demand among Malaysian visitors, vice versa. The data used in Â this studyare quarterly secondary data for the period 1989.1-1997.4 consisting of total Malay-sian visitor arrival to Â Indonesia, income per capita in Malaysia, and ratio of con-sumer price Â index of Indonesia Â to consumer price Â index of Malaysia. The analysismethod applied in this study is regression using Error Correction Model (ECM). Theresults show that income per capita of Malaysia is elastic and positively affects Ma-laysian visitor arrivals Â to Â Indonesia. On the other hand, relative prices negativelyaffect Malaysian visitor arrivals to Indonesia, while Visit Indonesia Year 1991 posi-tively affects Malaysian visitor arrivals to Indonesia.
Keywords: tourism, GDP, CPI, and ECM